Edam is a mild cheese that is typically formed into a round (boule) rather than being pressed. It improves with age and is a great accompaniment to fruits.
- Heat the milk slowly over low heat to 88°F. Turn off the heat.
- Stir in the starter using slow up-and-down motions. Cover and maintain the temperature at 88°F for 30 minutes. Leave the milk undisturbed for the duration of the ripening period.
- Add the cheese coloring, using a whisk to incorporate thoroughly.
- Add the rennet, pouring it through your perforated cheese spoon into the milk then stirring for a full minute, using slow up-and-down motions, right down to the bottom of the pot. Cover and let it set for 30 to 45 minutes, maintaining the temperature at 88°F.
- Once you have a clean break, cut the curds into 1/2-inch pieces and let them rest for 5 minutes. Begin to slowly raise the temperature to 92°F, stirring gently but often to keep from sticking together (matting). The curds will begin to shrink and become firmer. Once 92°F has been reached, turn off the heat and let the curds sit, uncovered and undisturbed, for 30 minutes.
- The curds will have sunk to the bottom. Ladle whey until you can see the curds sitting on the bottom. Save the whey. Stir the curds for 20 minutes, or until they begin to mat and cling together. Add hot water to the pot until the curds and whey come up to 99°F, and then keep them at that temperature for 20 minutes. The curds should settle again.
- Line a colander with clean, damp butter muslin and suspend it over a large bowl, bucket, or sink. Ladle the curds into it. Let the curds drain in the colander for 5 minutes. Toss in 1 tablespoon of the salt.
- Divide the curds evenly into two portions, tying up each portion into a draining sack of its own. Use your hands to shape the curds within the draining sack into a ball shape. Let them hang for 30 minutes to drain thoroughly.
- Place the saved whey back into your cheese pot and heat it to 122°F. Remove it from the heat. Take the boules out of the draining sacks and submerge them in the warmed whey for 20 minutes, taking care to maintain the temperature. Turn the cheeses a few times within the whey. Re-dress the cheeses into their cloth draining sacks and hang them up to drain again for 6 hours this time.
- Prepare 2 quarts of medium brine (26 ounces of salt to 1 gallon of water), and chill it to 50°F. Remove the cheeses from their cloth sacks and submerge them in the brine. Put a cover over the container of brine and cheese and put it into the refrigerator overnight.
- Take the boules out of the brine and pat them dry with a paper towel. Put them on a cheese mat and allow them to air-dry for 1 to 2 days.
- Wax the cheese. Ripen at 55°F and 85% humidity for 2 to 3 months. Flip the cheese repeatedly during the aging process. The cheese can be aged for up to 6 months for a fuller, more developed flavor.
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