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How to Measure Flour

Accurately measuring flour is important for any recipe. But what is the best way to measure? Following are the three basic methods, in order of accuracy:

Measuring Flour by Weight

Because flour changes in volume depending on the grind, the type of grain, and humidity, weighing the flour gives the best results.

Kitchen scales are easy to find in kitchen supply and department stores. Find one capable of weighing at least 5 pounds if planning to bake multiple loaves of bread at at time. Most recipes that include weights are written in metric, so choosing a scale that can be set to metric or English units will save hours of math calculations!

Measuring Flour by Volume


Recipes in the US are usually written in volume. Spoon the flour into the cup for the most accurate volume measurement.

  • Begin by stirring the flour to loosen any packed areas. 
  • Use a spoon to scoop portions of flour gently into a dry measuring cup. Do not use a liquid measuring cup! 
  • Fill the cup completely, allowing the flour to overfill the cup. 
  • Holding the cup over the flour canister, use the flat side of a knife or flat spatula to evenly distribute the flour across the cup. Do not force or pack the flour down, as it should be loose. Scrape the knife or spatula along the top of the cup to level the flour, with the excess falling back into the flour canister


Although this is the method used by many home cooks, it is not an accurate way to measure flour. By scooping, the flour is packed unevenly into the measuring cup, and each scoop will yield a different volume of flour.

By carefully measuring flour and other ingredients, beautiful baked goods can be made at home at a fraction of the cost of store-bought.


Ready to Learn More about Flour? 

Glass bowl of whole-grain flour on digital kitchen scale

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